What Is a Storage Terminal?


Storage terminals provide facilities where liquid petroleum products, chemicals, and gases may be safely stored. Often constructed to DIN standards and adhering to state/federal building regulations. The Amazing fact about petroleum storage terminals.

Oil and gas storage terminals play an integral part in fulfilling nations’ energy demands without having to rely on imports while at the same time helping generate revenue through the commercial use of crude oil and its derivatives.


Whether it’s filling your car, buying molasses for gingerbread cookies, or walking along a freshly paved sidewalk – the products we rely on every day likely started their supply chains at terminals. From crude oil and refined petroleum to chemicals, biofuels, and new liquids – tank terminals play a pivotal role in providing essential supplies that enable consumers nationwide to access them.

Storage terminals are defined by their tanks, typically cylindrical and made from various materials. Since many products stored at these facilities can be highly flammable, safety should always be the top priority when designing these facilities. Therefore, the roofs of these tanks may either be fixed with internal or external floating to reduce the evaporation of flammable materials.

Terminal operators with excess capacity that remains underutilized can leverage The Tank Tiger to find buyers for short and long-term rentals and railcar or short-line track owners looking for storage options. We connect terminal operators with transportation specialists in search of their assets.


Terminals are linked to pipeline networks that distribute natural gas directly to local communities and international markets.

Demand for petroleum-based fuels worldwide has led to an explosion of storage terminals worldwide, driven by rapid population growth, urbanization, and industrialization.

Liquid terminals connect and service all modes of fluid transportation, from tankers and pipelines to barges, tank trucks, and rail cars. They store many products, such as petroleum and its byproducts, renewable fuels, asphalt, animal fats, and oils molasses.

Terminals are essential to our nation’s energy infrastructure and trade both within the US and with foreign markets. These facilities serve as crucial hubs, linking importers and exporters of oil, petrochemicals, and food-grade products with their end users.

Pumping Systems

Moving oil and other liquids efficiently between the source, storage terminal, refinery, and consumer involves an elaborate logistics system. Pumps play an integral part in this process, and DESMI pumps can be found worldwide at many facilities where these processes occur.

No matter the product being stored at a terminal – be it crude oil, gasoline, or diesel; fuel oils; chemicals; petroleum-derived gases (derived from either natural gas or petroleum); or even flammable liquefied air – tankers and warehouses containing these goods are filled and emptied using pumps from this terminal. Some tanks have fixed roofs with an enclosed vapor space above to reduce evaporation; others can have internal or external floating tops;

Pumps in storage terminals are among the biggest energy consumers, so they must operate efficiently and precisely to save energy. This is particularly crucial when working with fluids with viscosities ranging from 100 centistokes to 400 centistokes; therefore, DESMI’s PS220 variable frequency drive package with its patented pump control logic ensures speed is optimized to match real-time system requirements, helping storage terminal operators meet energy saving initiatives more quickly.


Safety in storage terminals is of utmost importance, and to that end, stringent national and international regulations oversee their construction, storage, transportation, and disposal of bulk liquids.

Liquid terminals store various chemicals and products, including petroleum-based fuels, natural gas, renewable fuels, and asphalt. Liquid terminals form part of an intricate logistics network connecting producers, product manufacturers, transportation companies, commodity brokers, and other stakeholders.

Terminals provide essential logistical services that keep bulk liquids moving while serving as significant economic drivers in their local communities. Employing thousands of workers across various disciplines such as operations, engineering, environmental management, safety, IT security, and more, paying property taxes directly to the government. Rising global populations and urbanization are driving increased energy demand, spurring the development of new oil terminals.

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