The History of Winemaking
Winemaking has a long and interwoven history. Over the centuries, science and art have worked in tandem, and both have benefited from the other. Today, oenologists are trained in science, and scientific methods are routinely used in the winery. Despite these differences, winemakers are more like artisans and scientists than scientists. Nevertheless, the development of science and art in the past two centuries has significantly changed how wine is made and consumed. Find out the best info about Winemaking.
Winemaking in Mendoza got a big boost in the 18boosted greatlyansandine Railway opened. This allowed the wine to be exported from Mendoza to Buenos Aires. Previously, it took a month for barrels of wine to travel across the country. By train, it took just one day. This spurred more wine production and increased the supply of wine.
Before the French colonizers, winemaking was minimal in the new Americas. Native grapes were musky and tasted unpalatable to European palates. But in 1619, Lord Delaware brought over Vitis Vinifera vines, which proved to be an effective way to produce wine in the colonies. The success of winemaking grew with the introduction of the Alexander grape, which was a cross between two species – Vinifera and Labrusca. These grapes quickly became widespread throughout several new states.
Algerian winemaking was not widespread in the early 19th century, but it was tied to French colonialism. French settlers in Algeria used wine for its antibacterial properties. The Algerian wine industry eventually developed, but the native population did not produce wine. It was only in the 19th century that industrial wineries began to sprout.
Winemaking was used in ancient Egypt for ceremonial purposes. In 3000 BC, a royal winemaking industry began in the Nile Delta. Trade between Egypt and Canaan during the early Bronze Age led to the development of the wine industry in Egypt. During the Old Kingdom, wine was used in cults and as a societal marker.
Winemakers who have made American wines famous include Warren Winiarski, a nonagenarian winemaker who helped put American wines on the map in 1976. He was joined by Jim Barrett, another American winemaker, in the Judgment of Paris. Winiarski’s cabernet sauvignon and Barrett’s chardonnay won the prestigious medals.
In Homeric mythology, wine was served in mixing bowls. Greeks often referred to Dionysus as the god of revelry and wine. They also refer to wine as the “dark sea” and the wine-dark sea. Throughout history, wine has been an integral part of many cultures.
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